This study investigated the efficacy of human atrial natriuretic peptide (hANP, carperitide) for high-risk patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG).Methods
This was a randomized controlled trial of 367 high-risk patients (European System for Cardiac Operative Risk Evaluation above 6) undergoing CABG. The primary endpoint was major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCE). Secondary endpoints were (1) postoperative death, (2) MACCE + hemodialysis, and (3) serum creatinine and brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels. Logistic regression analysis was conducted to identify preoperative and perioperative factors related to early death and MACCE.Results
There was no significant difference of survival between the hANP and placebo groups (p = 0.1651), but the MACCE-free rate was significantly higher in the hANP group than in the placebo group (p < 0.0001). No patient from the hANP group started hemodialysis after operation, but 7 patients did in the placebo group, and the dialysis rate was significantly lower in the hANP group (p = 0.0147). Serum creatinine and BNP were also significantly lower in the hANP group at 1 year postoperatively. MACCE were strongly associated with age 75 years or older, chronic kidney disease, hemodialysis, left ventricular dysfunction, and nonuse of carperitide.Conclusions
In the early postoperative period, carperitide has a cardiorenal protective effect that prevents postoperative MACCE and hemodialysis. Perioperative low-dose carperitide infusion may be useful in high-risk patients undergoing on-pump CABG.