Solitary fibrous tumor of the pleura is a rare primary tumor arising from mesenchymal cells in the areolar tissue subjacent to the mesothelial-lined pleura. Most solitary fibrous tumor of the pleura arises from the visceral or the parietal pleura, and asymptomatically occupies the hemithoracic cavity. We report a rare case of solitary fibrous tumor of the pleura causing cardiac tamponade. A 30-year-old woman presented with pericardial tumor. The surgical resection of the tumor was complete. We describe the details of this case and a brief review of the literature about solitary fibrous tumor.