Surgical hip dislocation according to Ganz for excision of osteochondromas in patients with multiple hereditary exostoses

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Abstract

Aims

We report a prospective cohort study of the midterm results of surgical dislocation of the hip (according to Ganz) to perform resection of osteochondromas involving the femoral neck in patients with multiple hereditary exostoses (MHE).

Methods

Hip range of movement (ROM) was assessed pre- and post-operatively. Patients' judgment of post-operative reduction of pain, symptoms, the Rand 36-item Health Survey (RAND-36) and complications were analysed.

Results

Symptomatic osteochondromas of the femoral neck were removed in 20 hips (17 patients) between 2007 and 2012. There were nine men and eight women with a mean age at the time of surgery of 29 years (11 to 47). Mean follow-up was 46 months (26 to 73). At latest follow-up, mean ROM was significantly increased in all directions. Post-operatively the pain associated with the lesion was either significantly decreased or non-existent. There was a significant improvement in seven RAND-36 sub-domains. Encountered complications in four patients were pseudoarthrosis of the trochanteric osteotomy, traumatic separation of the trochanteric osteotomy, a pertrochanteric femoral fracture and avasvular necrosis. Histological analysis revealed osteochondromas in all hips.

Discussion

This study confirms the Ganz trochanteric flip osteotomy provided a reliable approach to osteochondromas of the femoral neck that are otherwise difficult to access for surgical resection. The procedure offered significant improvement in the quality of life, although one should be aware of the serious complications can arise despite the relatively safe procedure.

Discussion

Take home message: When daily function and activities are affected, resection of osteochondromas of the proximal femur according to Ganz is indicated to significantly improve quality of life.

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