Long-term results of uncemented total hip arthroplasty with the Taperloc femoral component in patients with Dorr type C proximal femoral morphology

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Abstract

Aims

To investigate the longevity of uncemented fixation of a femoral component in total hip arthroplasty (THA) in patients with Dorr type C proximal femoral morphology.

Patients and Methods

A total of 350 consecutive uncemented THA in 320 patients were performed between 1983 and 1987, by a single surgeon using the Taperloc femoral component. The 63 patients (68 hips) with Dorr type C proximal femoral morphology were the focus of this review. The mean age of the patients was 69 years (24 to 88) and mean follow-up was 16.6 years (ten to 29). Survival analysis included eight patients (eight hips) who died without undergoing revision surgery prior to obtaining ten years follow-up. All 55 surviving patients (60 hips) were available for clinical assessment and radiographic review. As a comparator group, the survival and implant fixation in the remaining 282 THAs (257 patients) with Dorr type A and B morphology were evaluated. The mean age of these patients was 52 years (20 to 82).

Results

In the Dorr C patient group the mean Harris hip score improved from 51 points (21 to 69 points) pre-operatively to 89 (74 to 100) at final follow-up. No femoral component was loose by radiological criteria and osteolysis was only identified around two stems (3.3%). There was one revision (1.6%) of a well-fixed femoral component for sepsis at 11 years. The survival of the Taperloc femoral component at 20 years with revision for any reason as the endpoint was 98% (95% confidence interval; 87 to 99).

Results

A total of ten (3.5%) of the Dorr A and B patient group of 282 THAs required revision surgery. Only one (0.4%) for aseptic loosening. A total of two hips (1%) were loose by radiographic criteria and osteolysis occurred around 12 hips (4%).

Conclusion

This study demonstrates that excellent fixation can be achieved using the Taperloc stem in patients with Dorr type A and B, and Dorr type C bone.

Conclusion

Take home message: The Taperloc stem demonstrated equivalent results in Dorr type A and B and Dorr type C bone.

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