The effect of two different orthoses on pain, hand function, patient satisfaction and preference in patients with thumb carpometacarpal osteoarthritis: A MULTICENTRE, CROSSOVER, RANDOMISED CONTROLLED TRIAL

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Abstract

Aims

The aim of this study was to compare the Push Ortho Thumb Brace CMC and a custommade orthosis in the treatment of patients with primary osteoarthritis of the carpometacarpal joint of the thumb. Our outcome measures were pain scores, tests of hand function, patient satisfaction and patient preference.

Patients and Methods

A multicentre crossover randomised controlled trial was conducted which included 63 patients (44 women) with primary osteoarthritis of the carpometacarpal joint of the thumb. Of these, 59 patients with a mean age of 60.1 years (standard deviation 8.2), completed the study. Patients used both orthoses for two weeks with a two-week washout period inbetween. Pain was measured on a 10-cm visual analogue scale. Hand function was assessed using the Jebsen Taylor Hand Function test, Nine Hole Peg Test, key grip, pinch grip and Functional Index for Hand Osteoarthritis. Patient preference was assessed using the Dutch version of the Quebec User Evaluation of Satisfaction with Assistive Technology score.

Results

Both orthoses resulted in a minor reduction in pain scores without significant difference between the two orthoses. The Push Ortho Thumb Brace CMC interfered less with key grip (p < 0.001) and the Nine Hole Peg Test (p < 0.001) than the custom-made orthosis. The Push Ortho Thumb Brace CMC had a higher patient satisfaction (p < 0.001) and most patients preferred this orthosis for future use.

Conclusion

When considering an orthosis for osteoarthritis of the carpometacarpal joint of the thumb, patients may prefer the Push Ortho Thumb Brace CMC.

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