Displaced femoral neck fractures in patients 60 years of age or younger: results of internal fixation with the dynamic locking blade plate

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Abstract

Aims

The objective of this study was to investigate bone healing after internal fixation of displaced femoral neck fractures (FNFs) with the Dynamic Locking Blade Plate (DLBP) in a young patient population treated by various orthopaedic (trauma) surgeons.

Patients and Methods

We present a multicentre prospective case series with a follow-up of one year. All patients aged ≤ 60 years with a displaced FNF treated with the DLBP between 1st August 2010 and December 2014 were included. Patients with pathological fractures, concomitant fractures of the lower limb, symptomatic arthritis, local infection or inflammation, inadequate local tissue coverage, or any mental or neuromuscular disorder were excluded. Primary outcome measure was failure in fracture healing due to nonunion, avascular necrosis, or implant failure requiring revision surgery.

Results

In total, 106 consecutive patients (mean age 52 years, range 23 to 60; 46% (49/106) female) were included. The failure rate was 14 of 106 patients (13.2%, 95% confidence interval (CI) 7.1 to 19.9). Avascular necrosis occurred in 11 patients (10.4%), nonunion in six (5.6%), and loss of fixation in two (1.9%).

Conclusion

The rate of fracture healing after DLBP fixation of displaced femoral neck fracture in young patients is promising and warrants further investigation by a randomized trial to compare the performance against other contemporary methods of fixation.

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