The aim of the study was to analyze the results of primary tendon reinsertion in acute and chronic distal triceps tendon ruptures (DTTRs) in the general population.Patients and Methods
A total of 28 patients were operated on for primary DTTR reinsertions, including 21 male patients and seven female patients with a mean age of 45 years (14 to 76). Of these patients, 23 sustained an acute DTTR and five had a chronic injury. One patient had a nonsimultaneous bilateral DTTR. Seven patients had DTTR-associated ipsilateral fracture or dislocation. Comorbidities were present in four patients. Surgical treatment included transosseous and suture-anchors reinsertion in 22 and seven DTTRs, respectively. The clinical evaluation was performed using Mayo Elbow Performance Score (MEPS), the modified American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons Score (m-ASES), the Quick Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand score (QuickDASH), and the Medical Research Council (MRC) Scale.Results
A total of 27 patients (28 DTTRs) were available for review at a mean of 47.5 months (12 to 204). The mean MEPS, QuickDASH, and m-ASES scores were 94 (60 to 100), 10 (0 to 52), and 94 (58 to 100), respectively. Satisfactory results were observed in 26 cases (93%). Muscle strength was 5/5 and 4/5 in 18 and ten DTTRs, respectively. One patient with chronic renal failure experienced a traumatic rerupture of distal triceps. One patient (1 DTTR) experienced mild elbow stiffness.Conclusion
Primary repair of acute and chronic DTTRs in a general population yields satisfactory results in the majority of patients with a low rerupture rate.