Two-centre radiological survivorship of acetabular distraction technique for treatment of chronic pelvic discontinuity: MEAN FIVE-YEAR FOLLOW-UP

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AimsThe aim of this study was to examine the results of the acetabular distraction technique in achieving implantation of a stable construct, obtaining biological fixation, and producing healing of chronic pelvic discontinuity at revision total hip arthroplasty.Patients and MethodsWe identified 32 patients treated between 2006 and 2013 who underwent acetabular revision for a chronic pelvic discontinuity using acetabular distraction, and who were radiographically evaluated at a mean of 62 months (25 to 160). Of these patients, 28 (87.5%) were female. The mean age at the time of revision was 67 years (44 to 86). The patients represented a continuous series drawn from two institutions that adhered to an identical operative technique.ResultsOf the 32 patients, one patient required a revision for aseptic loosening, two patients had evidence of radiographic loosening but were not revised, and three patients had migration of the acetabular component into a more stable configuration. Radiographically, 22 (69%) of the cohort demonstrated healing of the discontinuity. The Kaplan-Meier construct survivorship was 83.3% when using revision for aseptic acetabular loosening as an endpoint. At the time when one patient failed due to aseptic loosening (at 7.4 years), there were a total of seven patients with a follow-up of seven years or longer who were at risk of failure.ConclusionThe acetabular distraction technique demonstrates encouraging radiographic outcomes, with healing of the discontinuity in over two-thirds of our series. This surgical technique permits biological fixation and intraoperative customization of the construct to be implanted based on the pattern of the bone loss identified following component removal.

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