Radiosurgery with Helical Tomotherapy: Outcomes for Patients with One or Multifocal Brain Metastasis

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To evaluate the feasibility and report the preliminary results for stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) treatments of single or multiple brain metastases delivered with helical tomotherapy (HT) by means of the InterFix™ Radiosurgery kit. Between September 2010 and August 2012, thirty patients underwent SRS for treatment of 46 brain metastases with a median prescription dose of 20 Gy (range 15-21 Gy). Clinical response was assessed with 2-3 month intervals by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Dose distribution indexes were computed and compared with published data for SRS performed with dedicated machines. After a median follow-up of 14 months (range 4-31) the estimated overall survival (OS) rate was 70% at 6 months, 60% at 12 months and 44% at 18 months. Local control (LC) was 72% at 6 months, 65% at 12 months and 50% at 18 months. Acute toxicity as headache and epileptic crisis occurred in only two patients. The mean values of conformity, homogeneity and gradient score indexes were 1.36, 1.04 and 50 respectively. HT-SRS for single or multiple brain metastases appears a reliable technique with encouraging clinical outcomes and competitive dosimetrical results.

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