Computed Tomography Evaluation of Density Following Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy of Nonspine Bone Metastases

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Abstract

Introduction:

Stereotactic body radiation therapy allows for the precise delivery of high-dose radiation to disease sites and is becoming increasingly used to treat nonspine bone metastases. Previous studies have shown that remineralization of lytic bone metastases follows after conventional radiotherapy. The objective of this study was to investigate changes in bone density in nonspine bone metastases following stereotactic body radiation therapy.

Methods:

A retrospective review was conducted for all patients treated with stereotactic body radiation therapy to nonspine bone metastases between May 2011 and April 2014. A minimum of 1 pretreatment and 1 posttreatment computed tomography scan was required. An independent musculoskeletal radiologist contoured the lesions on the most representative computed tomography slices. Density was measured in Hounsfield units and analyzed using pretreatment and posttreatment ratios.

Results:

Forty sites were treated (55% lytic, 30% sclerotic, and 15% mixed). The median follow-up duration was 7 months. Lytic osseous metastases from renal cell carcinoma progressed during initial follow-up imaging and then returned to baseline. Of 9 lytic lesions not from renal cell carcinoma, 6 showed an immediate increase in density and 2 remained stable. Six of 7 sclerotic lesions from prostate cancer showed decreased density throughout all follow-ups.

Conclusion:

Stereotactic body radiation therapy is efficacious in the remineralization of lytic and demineralization of sclerotic nonspine bone metastases.

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