PSCA rs1045531 Polymorphism and the Risk of Prostate Cancer in a Chinese Population Undergoing Prostate Biopsy

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Abstract

Background and Purpose:

This study explored the association between a single-nucleotide polymorphism of prostate stem cell antigen and prostate cancer in Chinese patients undergoing prostate biopsy.

Materials and Methods:

DNA from 416 patients undergoing prostate biopsy was typed for the prostate stem cell antigen rs1045531 single-nucleotide polymorphism. The frequency of the rs1045531 polymorphism in patients with prostate cancer and in patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia was compared. Associations between the polymorphism and the risk of prostate cancer, prostate special antigen, Gleason score, and clinical stage were analyzed.

Results:

Statistically significant differences in the distribution of the rs1045531 genotypes and alleles were found between prostate cancer and benign prostatic hyperplasia in patients undergoing prostate biopsy (P = .035 and .046, respectively). We found that the rs1045531 AC genotype was significantly associated with a high risk of prostate cancer in the heterozygote model (AC vs CC; odds ratio = 2.383, 95% confidence interval: 1.198-4.741, χ2 = 6.229, P = .013) and the dominant model (AA/AC vs CC; odds ratio = 2.169, 95% confidence interval: 1.112-4.229, χ2 = 5.228, P = .022). However, susceptibility of prostate cancer was decreased in the homozygote model (AA vs CC; odds ratio = 0.828, 95% confidence interval: 0.143-4.805, P = .601). When considering clinical factors, the rs1045531 showed an association with prostate special antigen of 10 ng/mL or greater, a Gleason score of 7 or greater, and a size of T2 or greater.

Conclusion:

Men with the rs1045531 AC genotype of prostate stem cell antigen were at higher risk of prostate cancer in Chinese patients undergoing prostate biopsy.

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