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The inhibitor of kappa B kinase epsilon is overexpressed in glioma and plays antiapoptotic role via activating nuclear factor-kappa B. microRNA-98 can suppress glioma, modulate the activities of nuclear factor-kappa B, and bind to the 3′-untranslated region of inhibitor of kappa B kinase epsilon messenger RNA. This study was aimed to investigate the modulation of inhibitor of kappa B kinase epsilon/nuclear factor-kappa B by microRNA-98 in glioma. The results indicated that microRNA-98 was downregulated in glioma cell lines and human glioma tissues. Overexpression of microRNA-98 in U87MG and T98G glioma cells significantly increased the apoptosis induced by ultraviolet irradiation and suppressed nuclear factor-kappa B luciferase activity, nuclear factor-kappa B p50 subunit expression, and B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2) expression in glioma cells. Silencing inhibitor of kappa B kinase epsilon decreased the expression of nuclear factor-kappa B p50 subunit and the luciferase activity of nuclear factor-kappa B, while the nuclear factor-kappa B activity could be significantly retrieved when inhibitor of kappa B kinase epsilon was expressed in microRNA-98-transfected cells. These findings indicated that microRNA-98 could promote apoptosis of glioma cells via inhibiting inhibitor of kappa B kinase epsilon/nuclear factor-kappa B signaling and presented a novel regulatory pathway of microRNA-98 by direct suppression of inhibitor of kappa B kinase epsilon/nuclear factor-kappa B expression in glioma cells.