Compartment Syndrome of the Upper Arm and Forearm

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Abstract

Compartment syndrome of the upper extremity may occur secondary to traumatic and nontraumatic causes and often requires complex decision-making processes in its diagnosis and management. The technique of treatment relies on prompt diagnosis and complete decompression of the involved muscular compartments. Knowledge of the most common compartment divisions as well as understanding areas where subcompartments and anatomic variations may play a role in treatment is pivotal in the successful management of compartment syndrome.

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