Compartment Syndromes

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Abstract

Compartment syndrome is a surgical emergency. Delays in fasciotomy lead to muscle ischemia, neurologic injury, and potentially crush syndrome and death. The signs of compartment syndrome are pain out of proportion to injury and, on physical examination, tense swelling of the compartment, weakness of the involved muscles, pain with passive stretching of the involved muscles, and numbness in the distribution of the involved nerves.

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