Patients who have dialysis-dependent renal disease frequently present with coronary artery disease but are considered at high risk for coronary artery bypass grafting.
From 1 September 2000 through 31 August 2003, we performed complete off-pump coronary revascularization in 6 patients who had end-stage dialysis-dependent renal failure, and we prospectively studied the perioperative and early postoperative results. The effect of off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting on mortality, morbidity, postoperative complications, and transfusion requirements in this group of patients was investigated. No perioperative deaths or ischemic cardiac events were observed after off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting. In all patients, anginal symptoms were relieved during the postoperative period. The mean duration of follow-up was 17.2 ± 12.4 months.
Patients with dialysis-dependent chronic renal failure who present with coronary artery disease should be thoroughly evaluated preoperatively for risk factors and coexistent severe diseases. We believe that in patients with end-stage dialysis-dependent chronic renal failure, off-pump coronary revascularization is a good alternative.