We have produced the recombinant intracellular domain of human IA-2 (IA-2ic), a diabetes-associated autoantigen, in plants. This was achieved by transient expression using agroinfiltration of Nicotiana benthamiana plants. The resulting plant-derived IA-2ic had the expected size, reacted with polyclonal and monoclonal antibodies specific to human IA-2ic and competitively inhibited radiolabeled IA-2ic in an immunoprecipitation assay. The expression level of recombinant IA-2ic was estimated to be 0.5% of the total soluble protein (TSP). Transient expression in plants has the potential to produce a large amount of human IA-2ic protein at low cost in a short period of time.