The Influence of Mood-Related Variables on Activity and Participation in Individuals With Chronic Stroke

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Abstract

Little information exists about the influence of mood-related variables on the activity and participation of survivors of chronic stroke despite the known implications of anxiety and depression on overall participation patterns. Grounded within International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health, this study examined 77 individuals with chronic stroke to determine the influence of depression, anxiety, and sense of coherence on activity and participation. Backward stepwise regression revealed that depression and anxiety were both independent predictors of activity and participation, but that sense of coherence did not predict either activity or participation. Implications for practice and research are provided.

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