Variable Surface Training and Fall Risk in the Older Adult: A Literature Review

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Context:Variable surface balance training is frequently used as a rehabilitative intervention.Objective:To determine the effects of variable surface training on fall risk in the older adult and begin to explore evidence-based exercise parameters to drive clinical practice.Study Selection:A search on PubMed and CINAHL in March 2016 resulted in 8 randomized control trials to include in this literature review.Results:All studies reported statistically significant improvements on at least one outcome measure following variable surface training.Conclusion:All health care professionals can refer older adults at risk for falls to physical therapy to help prevent falls before they occur.

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