Crural Bypass for Critical Lower Limb Ischemia with Omniflow II Prosthesis

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Abstract

Background

Reports about the use of the Omniflow II prosthesis (Bio Nova International, Victoria, Australia) in a crural position in patients with critical lower limb ischemia are rare.

Methods

All crural bypass operations were registered in a database. Primary end points of the study were amputation-free survival, limb salvage, and long-term patency.

Results

From January 2007 to December 2012, we implanted 27 Omniflow II prostheses in the crural position for critical lower limb ischemia. Of these, 12 crural bypasses were conducted with adjuvant distal arteriovenous fistula as a means to increase bypass flow in the presence of severely impaired intraoperative runoff or revision for early failure. Fifteen Omniflow II prosthesis bypasses were performed in the crural position without fistula. Overall, two patients died postoperatively. The limb salvage rate was 92% in the fistula group compared with 60% in the nonfistula group after a median observation time of 19 months in patients getting Omniflow prosthesis bypasses.

Conclusion

Omniflow II prosthesis in patients with critical lower limb ischemia and absence of sufficient autologous vein is durable. Moreover, the use of adjuvant distal arteriovenous fistula may increase the chance of limb salvage in this group of patients.

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