Pain, Quality of Life, and Clinical Outcomes after Robotic Lobectomy

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BackgroundTo evaluate pulmonary function, pain, and quality of life at midterm after robotic lobectomy performed in a single institution.MethodsSixty-five consecutive patients underwent robotic thoracic surgery over 32 months using a complete four-arm portal technique. Sixty-one patients underwent lobectomies predominantly for stage I non-small cell lung cancer. Pulmonary function tests were repeated at midterm follow-up. Pain and quality of life were evaluated during the follow-up on a subgroup of 39 patients, excluding the learning period.ResultsAt a mean of 7-month follow-up, there was no significant difference in preoperative and midterm postoperative pulmonary function. A total of 62.5% of the patients reported a variable intensity of discomfort or pain at the surgical site, with a mean pain intensity score of 2.1 ± 1.4. Mean pain interference score were weak (1.8 ± 1.9), with patients with moderate pain reporting significantly higher pain interference scores than those with mild pain (p = 0.0025). Only one patient suffered from neuropathic-like pain. Quality of life was globally favorable and related to the pain level, with a significant interference on the physical component.ConclusionRobotic lobectomy does not appear to have an impact on midterm pulmonary function. Persistent postoperative pain is mild, nonneuropathic-like, with weak interference on daily activities. Quality of life is satisfactory but related to the pain level.

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