Effects of Oral Administration of S-1 on the Pharmacokinetics of SN-38, Irinotecan Active Metabolite, in Patients With Advanced Colorectal Cancer

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid



Previous studies have assessed the efficacy and safety of combined treatment with irinotecan (7-ethyl-10-[4-[1-piperidino]-1-piperidino]carbonyloxycamptothecin, CPT-11) and S-1, containing tegafur, a prodrug of 5-fluorouracil, in the treatment of colorectal and gastric cancer. The objective of this study was to describe the interaction between CPT-11 and S-1 in 4 patients with colorectal cancer. Coadministration of S-1 changed the pharmacokinetic behavior of CPT-11 and its metabolites. In particular, maximum plasma concentration (Cmax) and area under the plasma concentration curve (AUC) of 7-ethyl-10-hydroxycampothecin (SN-38) was markedly decreased by coadministration of S-1. For SN-38, the median ratio of Cmax and AUC with S-1 to those without S-1 was median 0.34 (range 0.24-0.78) and 0.56 (range 0.23-0.68), respectively. A markedly difference in drug interaction among individual patients was observed. We conclude that the plasma concentration of SN-38 was decreased by oral administration of S-1 in patients with colorectal cancer. This observation might be important for clinical decisions regarding combination therapy.

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles