Pharmacokinetics of Doripenem in Healthy Koreans and Monte Carlo Simulations to Explore Optimal Dosage Regimens in Patients With Normal and Enhanced Renal Function

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Abstract

Background:

Dose adjustment is often required in patients with normal or enhanced renal function. The aim of this study is to investigate the pharmacokinetic (PK) properties of doripenem and explore optimal dosing regimens in patients with normal or enhanced renal function according to various minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs).

Methods:

The authors conducted a clinical trial and analyzed PK samples in 11 healthy Korean subjects applying noncompartmental analysis and a population approach. The population PK parameter estimates were used in Monte Carlo simulations to explore optimal dosing regimens for a probability of target attainment of 90% at 40% fTMIC (free drug concentrations above MIC).

Results:

The time course of doripenem concentrations was well described by a 2-compartment model. The population typical values of clearance and steady-state volume were 22.9 L/h and 19.1 L, respectively, and were consistent with our noncompartmental analysis results. When the MIC was greater than 1 mcg/mL, at least increasing the dose or prolonging the infusion time was essential in patients with normal or enhanced renal function.

Conclusions:

These results suggest that dosage adjustment such as increasing the dose or lengthening the infusion time should be considered in patients with normal or enhanced renal function.

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