Influence of Inflammation on the Pharmacokinetics of Perampanel

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It is well-known that the pharmacokinetics of various drugs are influenced by inflammation. This study evaluated the relationship between C-reactive protein (CRP; an inflammation marker) and the pharmacokinetics of perampanel.


Among 111 patients who underwent measurement of both CRP and perampanel, 23 patients had a serum CRP level exceeding 1.5 mg/dL (CRP-positive). We compared the concentration/dose ratio (CD ratio) of perampanel in these 23 patients between the times when they were CRP-positive and CRP-negative. To evaluate the effect of CRP on the CD ratio, multiple regression analysis was performed with the following covariates: CRP-positive status, body weight, and use of phenytoin, carbamazepine, or phenobarbital, and combinations of these drugs.


In 10 patients using enzyme-inducing AEDs, the mean CD ratio increased by 53.5% [from 1,389 to 2,132 (ng/mL)/ (mg/kg)] when they were CRP-positive. In 13 patients without enzyme-inducing AEDs, the mean CD ratio increased by 100.8% [from 3,826 ng/mL to 7,683 (ng/mL)/ (mg/kg)] when they were CRP-positive. By multiple regression analysis, the CRP level was a significant independent determinant of the CD ratio of perampanel. Despite a marked increase of the CD ratio, no adverse events were reported.


Irrespective of concomitant administration of enzyme-inducing AEDs, the serum perampanel concentration showed a marked increase in patients with inflammation. However, this increase was not associated with central nervous system toxicity. Although it is unknown whether the concentration of free and/or bound perampanel was increased, it seems likely that dose reduction is unnecessary for elevation of the serum perampanel level in patients with inflammation.

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