DEUTERIUM ISOTOPE EFFECT ON EXCESS ENTHALPIES OF METHANOL OR ETHANOL AND THEIR DEUTERIUM DERIVATIVES AT 298.15 K
Excess enthalpies of six binary mixtures of CH3 OD+CH3 OH, CH3 OD+CD3 OD, CD3 OD+CH3 OH, C2 D5 OD+C2 H5 OH, C2 D5 OD+C2 H5 OD, C2 H5 OD+C2 H5 OH have been determined over the whole range of mole fractions at 298.15 K in order to know the isotopic effect on hydrogen-bonding accurately, although there are many reports on the differences in the strength of hydrogen-bonding between OH and OD.
All excess enthalpies measured are very small and endothermic. The mixtures of CH3 OD+ CH3 OH, and C2 D5 OD+C2 H5 OH showed the largest excess enthalpies among each methanol and ethanol mixtures. The difference of intermolecular interaction between OH and OD in methanol and ethanol was almost same value of (1.82±0.04) J mol–1
Excess enthalpies of 1,4-dimethylbenzene+1,3-dimethylbenzene and 1,4-dimethylbenzene+1,2-methylbenzene were measured by three different principle calorimeters at 298.15 K in order to know the precision of calorimetry for a small enthalpy change.