TEMPERATURE CONTROL MODES IN THERMAL ANALYSIS

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Abstract

Now we can use several temperature control modes, i.e., the isothermal run including stepwise heating and cooling, constant rate heating (or cooling), temperature control for sample thermal history, sample controlled thermal analysis (SCTA or controlled-rate thermal analysis, CRTA), temperature jump, rate jump, temperature modulation and repeated temperature scanning. Their advantages and drawbacks are reviewed with some illustrative examples, especially for application to kinetic analysis. The combined use of these varieties of temperature control mode is recommended by showing examples. Temperature modulation and repeated temperature scanning are discussed in comparison with temperature modulated DSC, and common and analogous points are elucidated. In relation to this, the possibility that an imaginary part of overall reaction rate constant in complex reaction is postulated. Finally, these modes are classified and tabulated from two viewpoints and other possible modes are shown.

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