Impact of tumor length on long-term survival of pT1 esophageal adenocarcinoma
The impact of esophageal tumor length on pT1 esophageal adenocarcinoma has not been well evaluated.Methods:
Case histories of all patients (n = 133) undergoing esophageal resection from 1979 to 2007 with pT1 adenocarcinoma of the esophagus were reviewed. Univariate and multivariate analyses of esophageal tumor length and other standard prognostic factors were performed.Results:
Patients with early-stage pT1 esophageal adenocarcinoma with tumors less than 3 cm demonstrate decreased long-term survival (3 years: >3 cm = 46% vs 93%; P < .001) and higher risk of lymph node involvement (lymph node positive: >3 cm = 47% vs 10%; P < .001). Multivariable analysis shows that esophageal tumor length (>3 cm) is an independent risk factor for survival in patients with pT1 early-stage esophageal cancer (hazard ratio: 4.8, 95% confidence intervals: 1.4-16.5; P < .001) even when controlled for submucosal involvement, lymph node involvement, and lymphatic/vascular invasion status. In combination with submucosal involvement, esophageal tumor length (>3 cm) identifies a high-risk population of pT1 esophageal adenocarcinoma (3 years: group 1 [0 risk factors] = 100%, group 2 [1 risk factor] = 87%, and group 3 [2 risk factors] = 33%; P < .001).Conclusions:
This study demonstrates that esophageal tumor length (>3 cm) is a risk factor for long-term survival and lymph node involvement in early-stage pT1 esophageal adenocarcinoma. Esophageal tumor length (>3 cm) in combination with submucosal involvement may help to identify a high-risk group of patients with pT1 esophageal adenocarcinoma.