Hemodialysis without heparin: a randomized, controlled, crossover study of two dialysis membranes (AN69ST and polysulfone F60)

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Abstract

Purpose:

It has been suggested that clotting of the extracorporeal circuit during hemodialysis (HD) without heparin could be reduced by using the polyacrylonitrile AN69ST membrane. However, this has never been demonstrated in a controlled study. The objective of this study was to compare the AN69ST with a polysulfone membrane during HD without heparin in a controlled study.

Methods:

This was a prospective, randomized, crossover study. Each patient had two 3-h test sessions without heparin, one with polysulfone F60 (Fresenius Medical Care, Bad Homburg, Germany), and the other with AN69ST (Hospal-Gambro, Meyzieu, France). The extracorporeal circuit was prerinsed with saline containing unfractionated heparin. The order of the test sessions was randomized. The test sessions were performed one week apart, during the midweek day. The participants were stable HD patients without bleeding risk. The measurements were the number of sessions with partial or complete circuit clotting.

Results:

Fifty-four patients were included in the study. The number of sessions interrupted for circuit clotting was 8 (15%) with AN69ST, and 10 (19%) with polysulfone (p=0.60). Complete circuit clotting occurred in 3 (6%) sessions with the two dialyzers. Partial circuit clotting manifested by a persistent increase in venous pressure occurred in 5 (9%) sessions with AN69ST, and in 7 (13%) sessions with polysulfone (p=0.54). Mean urea reduction ratio was 62±7% for AN69ST, and 63±7% for polysulfone (p=0.62).

Conclusions:

The AN69ST membrane did not decrease the rate of circuit clotting during HD without heparin compared to the polysulfone F60 membrane.

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