Morphometric analysis of the infraorbital foramen, canal and groove using cone beam CT: considerations for creating artificial organs

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Abstract

Purpose:

The aim of this study was to examine the anatomy and variations of the infraorbital foramen and its surroundings via morphometric measurements using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) scans derived from a 3D volumetric rendering program.

Methods:

354 sides of CBCT scans from 177 patients were examined in this study. DICOM data from these images were exported to Maxilim® software in order to generate 3D surface models. The morphometric measurements were done for infraorbital foramen (IOF), infraorbital groove (IOG) and infraorbital canal (IOC). All images were evaluated by 1 radiologist. To assess intra-observer reliability, the Wilcoxon matched-pairs signed rank test was used. Differences between sex, side, age and measurements were evaluated using chi-square and paired t-test and measurements were evaluated using 1-way ANOVA tests. Differences were considered significant when p<0.05.

Results:

The most common shape was oval for IOF and parallel for IOC without any accessory foramen. The results showed that females have smaller dimensions for the measurements between the two foramen rotundum (FR), FR-IOF, sella-FR, center of the IOF (cIOF)-nasion (N), cIOF-NB (nasion-B) (p>0.05). No significant difference was found according to age groups (p>0.05).

Conclusions:

These results provide detailed knowledge of the anatomical characteristics in this particular area. CBCT imaging with lower radiation dose and thin slices can be a powerful tool for anesthesia procedures like infra orbital nerve blocks, for surgical approaches like osteotomies and neurectomies and also for generating artificial prostheses.

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