MicroRNAs 143 and 145 may be involved in benign prostatic hyperplasia pathogenesis through regulation of target genes and proteins

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The aim of this study was to analyze the roles of miR-143 and miR-145, as well as the gene and protein expression of their targets (KRAS,ERK5,MAP3K3, andMAP4K4) in the pathogenesis of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH).


We analyzed the specimens of 44 patients diagnosed with BPH who underwent surgical treatment. The control group consisted of prostate samples from 2 young patients who were organ donors. miRNAs and their target genes were assessed using real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR), and protein levels were assessed by Western blotting.


miR-143 and miR-145 were overexpressed in, respectively, 62.5% and 73.8% of the cases. TheERK5andMAP4K4genes were underexpressed respectively in 59.4% and 100% of the BPH samples, whereasKRASandMAP3K3were overexpressed respectively in 79.4% and 61.5% of the samples. Increased protein expression was found for both KRAS (4,312.2 luminance/area) and MAP3K3 (7,461.7 luminance/area), while the ERK5 protein was more abundant in the samples from patients with prostate larger than 60 grams (p=0.019).


The overexpression of miR-143 and miR-145 in BPH samples suggests an association with the pathogenesis of the disease; additionally, the latter miRNA may act through the inhibition of MAP4K4.KRASandMAP3K3overexpression may also be associated with BPH pathogenesis. Further analyses are necessary to confirm these results.

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