SYNJ2 variant rs9365723 is associated with colorectal cancer risk in Chinese Han population

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Abstract

Purpose:

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most common cancer and fourth leading cause of cancer mortality, and twin studies have shown that approximately 35% of the variation in susceptibility to CRC involves inherited genetic differences. We sought to investigate potential genetic associations between some single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and the risk of CRC in the Chinese Han population.

Methods:

We conducted a case-control study including 269 cases and 309 controls. Sixteen SNPs associated with CRC risk were selected from previous genome-wide association studies and genotyped using Sequenom MassARRAY technology. Odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated by unconditional logistic regression adjusting for age and gender.

Results:

Using the chi-squared test we found that rs9365723 was associated with CRC risk (p = 0.012). With genetic model analysis, the genotype A/G-G/G (OR = 1.50; 95% CI 1.02-2.21; p = 0.038) of rs9365723 showed an increased risk of CRC in the dominant model. Furthermore, we found that rs9365723 was associated with an increased risk only for colon cancer but not rectal cancer (p = 0.009 and p = 0.414, respectively).

Conclusions:

Our results, combined with previous studies, suggest that rs9365723, located on SYNJ2, is associated with the risk of CRC in a Chinese population. Thus, SYNJ2 may play a role in the development of CRC, especially colon cancer.

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