HLA-A, -B, -C, -DRB1 and -DQB1 alleles and haplotypes in the Kinh population in Vietnam
Allele and haplotype frequencies of the human leukocyte antigens (HLA) were studied in the Kinh Vietnamese population. We analyzed 170 unrelated healthy individuals. DNA-based HLA typing was performed using a microsphere-based array genotyping platform with sequence-specific oligonucleotide probes to distinguish HLA-A, -B, -C, -DRB1 and -DQB1 alleles. A total of 21 HLA-A, 37 HLA-B, 18 HLA-C, 25 HLA-DRB1, and 14 HLA-DQB1 alleles were identified. HLA-A*1101, A*2402, A*3303, B*1502, B*4601, Cw*0102, Cw*0702, Cw*0801, DRB1*1202, DQB1*0301, DQB1*0303, and DQB1*0501 were found with frequencies higher than 10%. Two representative haplotypes bearing two to five HLA loci were A*1101-B*1502 and A*3303-B*5801 for HLA-A-B; Cw*0801-B*1502 and Cw*0102-B*4601 for HLA-C-B; B*1502-DRB1*1202 and B*4601-DRB1*0901 for HLA-B-DRB1; DRB1*1202-DQB1*0301 and DRB1*0901-DQB1*0303 for HLA-DRB1-DQB1; A*1101-Cw*0801-B*1502 and A*3303-Cw*0302-B*5801 for HLA-A-C-B; A*1101-B*1502-DRB1*1202 and A*2901-B*0705-DRB1*1001 for HLA-A-B-DRB1, A*1101-Cw*0801-B*1502-DRB1*1202-DQB1*0301 and A*2901-Cw*1505-B*0705-DRB1*1001-DQB1*0501 for HLA-A-C-B-DRB1-DQB1. Allele distribution and haplotype analysis demonstrated that the Vietnamese population shares HLA patterns with southern Chinese, Thai, Javanese and Micronesians, while it also retains unique characteristics.