Dietary Soy Protein Attenuates Renal Disease Progression After 1 and 3 Weeks in Han:SPRD-cyWeanling Rats1,2

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Abstract

Compared with casein, dietary soy protein slows disease progression in animal models of chronic renal injury. To determine whether dietary soy protein feeding can alter early disease progression, male Han:SPRD-cy rats (n = 87) in a very early stage of chronic kidney disease were fed soy protein compared with casein-based diets for 1 or 3 wk. Kidneys were assessed for fibrosis, cyst growth, fatty acid composition and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) production. Soy protein feeding significantly reduced renal fibrosis by 22% (P = 0.0347) and 38% (P = 0.0102) after 1 and 3 wk of diet, and cyst growth was 34% lower after 3 wk (P < 0.0001). Kidney 18:2(n-6) levels were reduced in normal and diseased rats after as little as 1 wk of consuming the soy protein diet. Dietary soy protein also partially ameliorated the suppression of PGE2 production observed in diseased kidneys. Compared with diseased kidneys from casein-fed rats, ex vivo PGE2 release was 31-32% higher after 1 (P = 0.0281) and 3 (P = 0.0189) wk of dietary soy protein consumption. Hence, the first signs of a beneficial soy protein effect were observed after 1 wk of feeding, with further improvements evident after 3 wk. These data demonstrate that dietary soy protein compared with casein delays disease progression in an early stage of chronic kidney disease. J. Nutr. 134: 1504-1507, 2004.

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