The protein tyrosine phosphatase receptor type J is regulated by the pVHL–HIF axis in clear cell renal cell carcinoma

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Abstract

Mass spectrometry analysis of renal cancer cell lines recently suggested that the protein-tyrosine phosphatase receptor type J (PTPRJ), an important regulator of tyrosine kinase receptors, is tightly linked to the von Hippel–Lindau protein (pVHL). Therefore, we aimed to characterize the biological relevance of PTPRJ for clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC). In pVHL-negative ccRCC cell lines, both RNA and protein expression levels of PTPRJ were lower than those in the corresponding pVHL reconstituted cells. Quantitative RT-PCR and western blot analysis of ccRCC with knownVHLmutation status and normal matched tissues as well as RNAin situhybridization on a tissue microarray (TMA) confirmed a decrease ofPTPRJexpression in more than 80% of ccRCCs, but in only 12% of papillary RCCs. ccRCC patients with no or reducedPTPRJmRNA expression had a less favourable outcome than those with a normal expression status (p= 0.05). Sequence analysis of 32PTPRJmRNA-negative ccRCC samples showed five known polymorphisms but no mutations, implying other mechanisms leading to PTPRJ's down-regulation. Selective silencing of HIF-α by siRNA and reporter gene assays demonstrated that pVHL inactivation reducesPTPRJexpression through a HIF-dependent mechanism, which is mainly driven by HIF-2α stabilization. Our results suggestPTPRJas a member of a pVHL-controlled pathway whose suppression by HIF is critical for ccRCC development.

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