Since World War II, researchers have been interested in exploring the injury mechanisms involved in primary blast on the thorax by using animal model surrogates. These studies were mostly concerned with the finding of the lung injury threshold, the relationship between the physical components of the air blast wave, and the biological response. Studies have also been conducted to investigate the effect of repeated blast exposures on the injury outcome threshold. This has led to several injury criteria, such as the Bowen curves based on pressure history’s characteristics or the Axelsson Chest Wall Velocity Predictor that used measurement from the mammals’ chest wall. This article aims at doing a critical literature review of this specific topic.