Value of Dynamic Susceptibility Contrast Magnetic Resonance Imaging in the Evaluation of Intracranial Tumors

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Abstract

Summary:

The degree of tumor malignancy generally correlates to tumor grade, and the direct measurement of tumor vasculature is desired. Dynamic susceptibility contrast magnetic resonance imaging can provide relative cerebral blood volume and, therefore, is one of the most reliable methods to evaluate tumor vasculature in vivo. Tumor vessel size is extremely variable due to complex tumor angiogenesis, and the gradient-echo echo-planar imaging (GE-EPI) technique, which is sensitive to the total vascular bed, is well suited for this purpose. As many studies have shown, dynamic susceptibility contrast magnetic resonance imaging is more useful for grading glioma than conventional magnetic resonance imaging. We found that this technique can also provide supplementary information to differentiate between malignant lymphoma and glioma because the absence of tumor neovascularization of malignant lymphoma leads to low rCBV, which is in contrast to those of malignant gliomas. Indeed, this technique can be used for the differentiation of extra-axial tumors such as between meningioma and neurinoma. Recently, this technique has been focused toward determining the stereotactic biopsy site, monitoring the embolization of effect in meningioma, or evaluation of treatment effects after radiation therapy. However, the value of tumor rCBV is affected by many conditions such as the TI relaxivity effects of gadolinium in the extravascular space. To establish the usefulness of this technique, further examination will be needed.

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