Multiparametric MR Imaging for Detection and Locoregional Staging of Prostate Cancer

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Detection and staging of prostate cancer (PCa) based on digital rectal examination, prostate-specific antigen levels, and systematic transrectal ultrasound-guided biopsies show notorious limitations in light of the current needs of PCa management. Multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) has emerged as a useful noninvasive imaging technique for detection, staging, assessment of aggressiveness, and treatment monitoring of PCa, combining anatomic high-resolution T2-weighted images with functional techniques, such as diffusion-weighted imaging and dynamic contrast enhancement evaluation. In this article, the authors review the technical aspects and the current clinical role of mpMRI for detection and locoregional staging of PCa.

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