The Impact of Self-Efficacy and Outcome Expectations on Functional Status in Older Adults

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Motivation is an important variable in the recovery process of any older adult, particularly regarding functional activity performance. Unfortunately, motivation is often not evaluated, and the patient is seen as noncompliant, unmotivated, and unwilling to perform. The theory of self-efficacy helps explain motivation and provides guidelines for intervention. Such interventions strengthen self-efficacy and outcome expectations and thereby improve functional activity. The Self-Efficacy for Functional Activities and Outcome Expectations for Functional Activities scales can be used to evaluate efficacy expectations and help practitioners develop a plan of care to improve motivation and behavior.

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