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Health promotion activities, including improving dietary habits and participating in physical exercise, can contribute to an increase in life expectancy and better health for older adults. Maintenance of health and function contributes to older adults' ability to care for themselves, to live independently, and to have a positive quality of life. Health promotion programs designed for older women should include multiple facets: immunizations, smoking cessation programs, alcohol counseling, dietary interventions and nutrition education, and exercise and physical activities. Health promotion activities have been shown to be effective as secondary health promotion strategies for older adults.