A Multicomponent Exercise Program's Effects on Health-Related Quality of Life of Institutionalized Elderly

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ObjectiveTo determine the effects of a multicomponent exercise program on health-related quality of life (HRQOL).DesignA quasi-experimental pretest-posttest design was used in the study.SettingParticipants were recruited from the public-funded shelter home located in Seremban, Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia.ParticipantsThe experimental group consisted of 27 volunteers older than 60 years who performed 60 minutes of aerobic, strength, flexibility, and balance training 3 times a week for 12 weeks, supervised by a physiotherapist. The control group consisted of 25 volunteers who continued with their current level of activity.Main outcome measuresPhysical health component summary (PCS) and mental health component summary (MCS) of the 12-Item Short Form Health Survey HRQOL.ResultsThe exercise group increased in the level of PCS and MCS by 8.4% (P < .05) and 2.9% (P > .05), respectively. The control group shows decline in PCS and MCS by 9.3% (P < .05) and 6.8% (P > .05), respectively.ConclusionsThis study suggests that a multicomponent exercise program may improve HRQOL among institutionalized elderly.

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