Comparative concentrations of brevetoxins PbTx-2, PbTx-3, BTX-B1 and BTX-B5 in cockle,Austrovenus stutchburyi,greenshell mussel,Perna canaliculus,and Pacific oyster,Crassostrea gigas,involved neurotoxic shellfish poisoning in New Zealand

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Abstract

Previously, we found brevetoxins PbTx-3, BTX-B5 and BTX-B1 in cockle, Austrovenus (A.) stutchburyi, PbTx-2, PbTx-3 and BTX-B1 in Pacific oyster, Crassostrea (C.) gigas and PbTx-3 and BTX-B1 in greenshell mussel, Perna (P.) canaliculus following outbreak of neurotoxic shellfish poisoning (NSP) in New Zealand by isolation and/or liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry (LC–MS/MS). In this study, procedures for quantitative determination of PbTx-2 and BTX-B5 were developed and those for PbTx-3 and BTX-B1 were further examined by LC–MS/MS. In mass spectrometry with an electrospray ionization interface operating in the positive or negative ion mode, the protonated ions [M+H]+ of PbTx-2 (m/z 895), [M+H]+ of PbTx-3 (m/z 897), [M–H]− of BTX-B5 (m/z 909), and [M–Na]− of BTX-B1 (m/z 1016) were generated abundantly, when 0.1% formic acid–acetonitrile was used as the mobile phase for column chromatography. The product ions of m/z 877, 725, 111 and 80 from PbTx-2, PbTx-3, BTX-B5 and BTX-B1 were identified, respectively, allowing unambiguous confirmation of these toxins by selective reaction monitoring LC–MS/MS analysis. High levels of PbTx-3 and BTX-B5 were detected in C. gigas, of PbTx-3, BTX-B1 and BTX-B5 in A. stutchburyi, and of PbTx-2, PbTx-3 and BTX-B5 in P. canaliculus by this LC–MS/MS method.

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