The present study investigated the role of kinins, prostaglandins (PGs) and nitric oxide (NO) in mechanical hypernociception, spontaneous nociception and paw oedema after intraplantar (ipl) injection of Tityus serrulatus venom (Tsv) in male Wistar rats.
Tsv was ipl-injected in doses of 0.01–10 μg/paw. Pre-treatment (30 min prior) with DALBK (100 nmol/paw) and icatibant (10 nmol/paw), B1 and B2 selective kinin receptor antagonists, L-NAME (50 mg/kg, i.p., a non-selective nitric oxide synthase inhibitor) or celecoxib, selective COX-2 inhibitor, was given 1 h prior per os (5 mg/kg, p.o.), significantly reduced the hypernociceptive response (Von Frey method), the spontaneous nociception (determined by counting the number of flinches) and paw oedema (plethysmometer method) induced by Tsv at doses of 1.0 and 10 μg/paw for both nociceptive and oedematogenic responses, respectively. Nevertheless, indomethacin (5 mg/kg, i.p., 30 min prior) was ineffective in altering all of these events. The results of the present study show that Tsv, injected ipl into the rat paw, causes a dose-dependent paw oedema, mechanical hypernociception and flinches (a characteristic biphasic response) in which kinins and NO are substantially involved. Although celecoxib was effective against the oedema and pain caused by Tsv, COX-2 does not seem to be involved in the inflammatory response caused by Tsv.