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Senescence is an irreversible proliferation arrest that is induced by various stress stimuli including genotoxin. Pneumolysin (PLY) is a pathogenicity factor unique to Streptococcus pneumoniae that is important in pneumococcal-induced diseases such as otitis media, meningitis and pneumonia. However, the cell fate response to the toxin is mechanistically unclear. We investigated the effect of PLY on cellular senescence in BV-2 microglial cells. Exposure to PLY resulted in changes in the expression of phospho-p53, p21, p16, pRb and CDK2 and increased the number of senescence associated β-gal positive cells. PLY-treatment also increased PAI-1 expression and cell proliferation arrest in concentration- and time-dependent manners. PLY induced NF-κB activation and phosphorylation of SIRT-1, ERK1/2, JNK, and p38 MAPK. In addition, PLY increased the production of reactive oxygen species. Overall, the results suggest that PLY regulates microglial cellular senescence by enhancing production of reactive oxygen species, activation of MAPK and NF-κB, and phosphorylation of SIRT-1.PLY-treatment caused cell proliferation arrest at G0-G1 phase in glial cells.PLY significantly induced intracellular ROS generation and phosphorylation of SIRT-1.MAPK and NF-κB signaling cascades are involved in PLY-induced cellular senescence.PLY regulates microglial cellular senescence.