aPostgraduate Program in Veterinary Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary, State University of Ceará, Fortaleza, Ceará, BrazilbDepartment of Physiology and Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, Federal University of Ceará, Fortaleza, Ceará, BrazilcPostgraduate Program in Physics, State University of Ceará, Fortaleza, Ceará, BrazildDepartment of Biology, Federal University of Ceará, Fortaleza, Ceara, BrazileDepartment of Biology, State University of Ceará, Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil
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This study have analyzed the pulmonary function in an experimental model of acute lung injury, induced by the Crotalus durissus cascavella venom (C. d. cascavella) (3.0 μg/kg - i.p), in pulmonary mechanic and histology at 1 h, 3 h, 6 h, 12 h and 24 h after inoculation. The C. d. cascavella venom led to an increase in Newtonian Resistance (Symbol), Tissue Resistance (Symbol) and Tissue Elastance (Symbol) in all groups when compared to the control, particularly at 12 h and 24 h. The Histeresivity (Symbol) increased 6 h, 12 h and 24 h after inoculation. There was a decrease in Static Compliance (Symbol) at 6 h, 12 h and 24 h and inspiratory capacity (Symbol) at 3 h, 6 h, 12 h and 24 h. C. d. cascavella venom showed significant morphological changes such as atelectasis, emphysema, hemorrhage, polymorphonuclear inflammatory infiltrate, edema and congestion. After a challenge with methacholine (MCh), Symbol demonstrated significant changes at 6, 12 and 24 h. This venom caused mechanical and histopathological changes in the lung tissue; however, its mechanisms of action need further studies in order to better elucidate the morphofunctional lesions.HIGHLIGHTSC. d. cascavella venom increased Newtonian resistance, tissue resistance, tissue elastance and histeresivity in rat lungs.C. d. cascavella venom reduced static compliance and inspiratory capacity in rat lungs.C. d. cascavella venom induced morphological changes in the lung tissue.