Snakebite byMicrurus averyi(Schmidt, 1939) in the Brazilian Amazon basin: Case report

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Micrurus snakes, commonly known as coral snakes, are responsible for 0.4% of the snakebites envenomings in Brazil. In this report, we describe a case of envenoming by Micrurus averyi, the black-headed coral snake, recorded in the western Brazilian Amazon. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first published case perpetrated by this species. The major complaint of the patient was an intense local pain and paresthesia. Examination of the bite site revealed edema extending from the left foot up the left leg that was accompanied by erythema involving the foot and distal third of the leg. Systemic signs at admission included nausea and drooling. The patient was treated with 100 mL of coral snake antivenom and intravenous analgesics (dipyrone) and was discharged 48 h post-admission with no complaints. The patient showed more intense local edema than that generally described in several other cases of Micrurus bites in Brazil.HighlightsWe report a case of envenoming by Micrurus avery, the black-headed coral snake.The patient presented intense local pain, paresthesia and edema.The signs of systemic envenoming included nausea and drooling.This is the first report of envenoming by M. averyi in South America.

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