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The uterosacral-cardinal ligament complex is thought to be the critical structure responsible for uterine and apical vaginal support. It is ill defined and can be difficult to dissect in the cadaver lab and in the operating room. Even less information is available on the analogous structures in the monkey model. We present this report to bring together what little is known to aid in studying this model and pelvic organ prolapse (POP), and to point out the need for critical assessment of this hormone-responsive tissue in the process of drug development.