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Sepsis-induced brain injury is frequently encountered in critically ill patients with severe systemic infection. Butein (3,4,2′,4′-tetrahydroxychalcone) has been demonstrated as the neuro-protective agent via reducing inflammation and oxidative stress on neurons. Moreover, activation of silent information regulator 1 (SIRT1) inhibits apoptosis, oxidation and inflammation thus alleviating sepsis-induced multiorgan injuries. In present study, we show that butein administrated intraperitoneally (10mg/kg) saved mice from sepsis-induced lethality by increasing 7-day survival rate after cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) surgery. Additionally, butein treatment enhanced SIRT1 signaling thus decreasing the Ac-NF-κB, Ac-FOXO1 and Ac-p53 levels, thus attenuating the brain injury of mice after CLP surgery by decreasing cerebral edema, maintaining the blood-brain barrier integrity, inhibiting neuronal apoptosis, and decreasing pro-inflammatory cytokines production (IL-6, TNF-α and IL-1β) and oxidative stress (downregulation of MDA, and upregulation of SOD and CAT) in both serum and cerebral cortex tissues. Moreover, butein treatment attenuated LPS induced neurological function loss. However, all above mentioned neuro-protective actions of butein were partially inhibited by EX527 co-treatment, one standard SIRT1 inhibitor. Collectively, butein attenuates sepsis-induced brain injury through alleviation of cerebral inflammation, oxidative stress and apoptosis by SIRT1 signaling activation.Butein saved mice from sepsis-induced lethality and attenuated the brain injury.Butein enhanced SIRT1 thus decreasing the Ac-NF-κB, Ac-FOXO1 and Ac-p53 levels.Neuro-protection of butein were abolished by one standard SIRT1 inhibitor.Collectively, butein attenuates sepsis-induced brain injury via SIRT1 signaling activation.