Blockage of ROS and MAPKs-mediated inflammation via restoring SIRT1 by a new compound LF10 prevents type 1 diabetic cardiomyopathy


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Abstract

Diabetic cardiomyopathy (DCM) is a common and severe complication of diabetes. A multitude of factors are involved in the pathogenesis of DCM including chronic inflammation and oxidative stress. We have recently shown that compound LF10 prevents inflammatory responses in an animal model of lung injury. In the present study, we explored the protective effects and mechanism of LF10 against DCM using a mouse model of streptozotocin-induced diabetes and high glucose (HG)-challenged cultured cardiomyocytes. We show that LF10 suppressed diabetes-induced cardiomyocyte hypertrophy and fibrosis, which was accompanied by preservation of cardiac function in mice. Mechanistically, LF10 prevented increases in the levels of pro-inflammatory molecules and oxidative stress under in vitro and in vivo diabetic conditions. Moreover, LF10 restored HG-downregulated sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) in cardiomyocytes and prevented HG-induced activation of MAPKs. Using specific small-molecule regulators, we found that SIRT1 was an upstream signal of MAPKs. In conclusion, LF10 inhibited ROS and MAPKs-mediated inflammation by restoring SIRT1, and prevented development of DCM. LF10 targeted both oxidative stress and inflammation, two tightly interconnected pathogenic pathways, which makes LF10 a highly advantageous therapeutic drug potential.HighlightsLF10 suppressed diabetes-induced cardiomyocyte hypertrophy and fibrosis.LF10 prevented increases of pro-inflammatory molecules and oxidative stress.LF10 induced blockade of ROS and MAPKs-mediated inflammation by restoring SIRT1.LF10 could be a highly advantageous therapeutic drug potential.

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