Toxicokinetics and bioavailability of bisphenol AF following oral administration in rodents: A dose, species, and sex comparison


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Abstract

We investigated the toxicokinetics and bioavailability of bisphenol AF (BPAF) in male and female Harlan Sprague Dawley rats and B6C3F1/N mice following a single gavage administration of 34, 110, or 340 mg/kg. A validated analytical method was used to quantitate free (unconjugated parent) and total (unconjugated and conjugated) BPAF in plasma. BPAF was rapidly absorbed in rats with the maximum plasma concentration, Cmax, of free BPAF reached at ≤2.20 h. BPAF was cleared rapidly with a plasma elimination half-life of ≤3.35 h. Cmax and the area under the concentration versus time curve, AUC0-∞, increased proportionally to the dose. Total BPAF Cmax was reached ≤1.07 h in rats with both Cmax (≥27-fold) and AUC0-∞ (≥52-fold) much higher than corresponding free values demonstrating rapid and extensive conjugation of BPAF following oral administration. Absorption of BPAF following a 34 mg/kg gavage dose in mice was more rapid than in rats with free BPAF Cmax reached ≤0.455 h. Free BPAF was cleared rapidly in mice with an elimination half-life of ≤4.22 h. Similar to rats, total BPAF was much higher than corresponding free BPAF. There was no apparent sex-related effect in plasma toxicokinetic parameters of free or total BPAF in mice and rats. Bioavailability in rats was ˜ 1% with no apparent dose-related effect. Bioavailability in mice was slightly higher than in rats (male ˜ 6%, female 3%). These data demonstrate that BPAF was rapidly absorbed following gavage administration in rodents, rapidly and extensively conjugated with low bioavailability.HighlightsBisphenol AF (BPAF), a bisphenol analogue, is used in a variety of applications.This work investigates the kinetics of BPAF in rodents following oral exposure.BPAF was rapidly absorbed and cleared in rodents with a plasma half-life of ≤4 h.Bioavailability of BPAF in rats (˜1%) and mice (3–6%) was low.There were no apparent sex-related effects in toxicokinetic parameters.

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