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MS-275 has been demonstrated to inhibit the growth of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) cells in our previous study, but its role in ESCC remains to be further explored. Cisplatin (cis-diamminedichloroplatinum II, DDP) is the first-line chemotherapeutic drug widely used in clinic for ESCC patients. However, the side effects of nephrotoxicity and drug resistance limit its clinical use. This study aimed to evaluate the anticancer effects of MS-275 combined with DDP on ESCC cell line EC9706 both in vitro and in vivo, and to investigate the possible mechanisms that mediate these effects. We found that MS-275 combined with DDP showed synergistic antitumor effects on EC9706 cells in vitro by decreasing cell proliferation, increasing apoptosis and oxidative damage, and inhibiting migration and stemness. The combination of MS-275 and DDP triggered pro-survival autophagy in EC9706. Moreover, MS-275 combined with DDP suppressed EC9706 xenografts growth and promoted apoptosis in vivo. Further study displayed that MS-275 combined with DDP suppressed Wnt/β-catenin signaling in EC9706 cells and xenografts. These results indicate that MS-275 combined with DDP exerts synergistic antitumor effects by enhancing the chemosensitivity of EC9706 cells to DDP, which may be a potential therapeutic strategy for the treatment of patients with ESCC.MS-275 combined with DDP significantly inhibits the survival of EC9706 cells in vitro and in vivo.The combination of MS-275 and DDP triggers pro-survival autophagy in EC9706 cells.MS-275 combined with DDP suppresses Wnt/β-catenin signaling in EC9706 cells and xenografts.