Noncognate function of B cells in transplantation

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How B cells affect the outcome of transplants is a question of enduring interest. Initial efforts to answer that question suggested, wrongly, that B cells have no impact on transplantation. Now, however, B cells are known to influence not only the outcome of vascularized grafts through the production of anti-donor antibodies but also the competence of cellular immunity through a number of physiologic functions. In this study, we explain why the importance of B cells was overlooked in the past and consider the range of noncognate functions of B cells that may determine the outcome of transplants.

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